Conservation biology is challenged by a lack of congruence between the spatial scales of ecological research typically involving small plots and land management typically involving whole landscapes. Here, I discuss spatial scaling issues as they relate to an understanding of ant communities and, consequently, their use as bioindicators in land management.
Academic Integrity Case Studies Read each of the following scenarios. While reading the scenarios, think about what the problem is and what the best solution would be based on Penn State's principles and policies.
Extra Credit David is a senior and only has three more classes this semester before he graduates. He feels the pressure to uphold his 3. In one of his classes, an extra credit assignment is to read through a set of given texts from certain articles and books that have been given by the instructor throughout the semester, and then to compile personal thoughts based on the principles covered.
To David, it seemed like basically doing something he already had done in the class—read the same information again.
He figured the instructor just wanted to make sure the students really did read the articles, so David wrote his paper using direct quotes and verbatim phrases from the reading without correct citation.
It was just extra credit, after all, so if it was not as good as his other work, it couldn't really hurt his grade.
Is what David did wrong? Why or why not? Do you think David is right in thinking that this assignment really doesn't matter and can't really hurt his grade because it is only for extra credit? This is an example of sloppy work that qualifies as plagiarism and could have serious consequences for David, including the possibility of a lower grade.
It doesn't matter that the assignment is only for extra credit.
If David is going to take time to do the assignment, he needs to do his best work. As an instructor, I believe I would make him resubmit the assignment before giving extra credit. First, if the assignment is to reflect on the readings, proper citation is needed in order for a reader to separate the content of the original article from the author's reaction to it.
Second, it is good practice to track citations during the research and paper writing process; famous historians have had their careers ruined with plagiarism scandals because "they forgot to put in quotes. I know of one case where a student did not use proper citations, but had the correct entry in the bibliography.
It is not necessarily conscious plagiarism, but it is bad paper writing form and should be addressed.
My take on this is that David is wrong because he has had the opportunity to learn to do things the right way during his college career, and when he chooses not to use the skills he has built he is taking a step backwards not to mention that what he is doing by using quotes without citing properly is illegal.
Going to college is not supposed to be about the grades as much as it is about the education itself. Having a good education only counts if you use it, and the more you use it the greater the rewards. If you just do the work to get by, then when you get out in the workforce and have greater responsibilities, life will be much harder for you because you have not learned the proper skills.
Instead, you spent more time getting out of using them than actually accomplishing good work that will bring you rewards and greater responsibility. Copying Janie has just moved to the Twin Cities from a non-English speaking country.
It is hard to fit in, understand the language, and make friends. She misses her family and it is sometimes difficult for her to concentrate on all her classes. She is taking a biology class this semester, which turns out to be much harder than she thought it would be. In one of the tests, the answers are to be marked by blackening out lettered circles on a separate answer sheet.
Janie studied as hard as she could, but it seemed she did not read the topics that most of the questions on the test covered. Near tears, she hands in her test answers and sits down at her desk to await the end of class.
To her right, Mark is working on his test. He seems to have no trouble with the class and is carefully marking his own answers. Glancing at his answer sheet, Janie sees that he has marked several answers differently than hers.
Janie goes up to the proctor and asks for her test answer sheet back, saying that she just remembered she did not correctly put in her student ID number. She quickly erases and changes some answers to reflect what she saw on Mark's paper and hands it back in again.
Some time later, the instructor informs Janie that the proctor saw her change her answers. She is going to be given an "F" for the test. Janie thinks her actions do not constitute plagiarism or academic dishonesty, and that the sanction is too harsh, especially after she describes what she feels are extenuating circumstances.
Do you have any ideas about better ways for Janie to handle this problem in the future? The fact that Janie has trouble with English isn't justification for copying answers from another student's paper.The case study school, Quest Secondary School (pseudonym used), provides an interesting study of how a school library transformed its under-utilized school library into one that is popular with and utilized frequently by students.
Mid-Atlantic Wildlife Studies Distribution and Abundance of Wildlife along the Eastern Seaboard featuring several case studies on specific species or phenomena.
Each case study includes the integration e study of ecology attempts toh identify the connections between. M. S. Quinn & M. E. Tyler. Abstract. The Calgary region of south western Alberta, Canada, like other areas of western North America, is experiencing dramatic population growth.
The cumulative effects of rapid urbanization and land use intensification, specifically related to water use in a semi-arid region, are poorly understood. The case was developed as an interdisciplinary lesson in mathematics and biology for use in an introductory college-level probability and statistics course, but could also be used effectively in an introductory biology course in college (for non-majors or majors) or an advanced high school course in biology or probability.
Case Study: Year 1 Julie Conley, Hallie Eakin, Thomas E. Sheridan, and Diana Hadley CLIMAS Report Series the ecology is not insensitive to fluctuations in precipitation and temperature.
Yellowing oaks in the lower the cool phase of the El Nio/ Southern Oscillation ocean/atmospheric phenomenon. As a. Issues in Ecology Published by the Ecological Society of America Number 4, Fall Issues in Ecology Number 4 Fall others becomes especially clear in the case of ﬁkeystone observational, theoretical, and experimental studies.